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On 2 February, the NATO Coordination Committee held its 10th seminar on conventional arms control agreements, the first since the signing of the Treaty Adaptation Agreement on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe in November 1999. On 18 March, an international alert and detection exercise was held involving 16 NATO allies and five partner countries, INTEX 2000, to assess and develop methods for exchanging information on radioactive, chemical and other hazards. On 16 December 2002, the European Union (EU) signed a comprehensive set of agreements with NATO under the Berlin Plus agreement. This agreement gave the EU the opportunity to use NATO`s assets in case it wanted to act independently in the event of an international crisis, provided THAT NATO itself did not want to act – the so-called “right to first refusal”. [109] Thus, Article 42, paragraph 7, of the 1982 Lisbon Treaty states that “when a Member State is the victim of armed attacks on its territory, the other Member States and all the Nade in their power have an obligation to assist and assist”. The treaty applies worldwide to certain areas, while NATO, in accordance with Article 6, is limited to operations north of the Tropic of Cancer. It provides a “double framework” for EU countries, which are also linked to the PfP programme. [Quote required] Russia`s intervention in Crimea in 2014 led to harsh condemnation by NATO countries and the creation of a new “spearhead” of 5,000 troops at bases in Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Romania and Bulgaria. [25] At the next summit in Wales in 2014, NATO heads of state and government made their first official commitment to spend at least 2% of their gross domestic product on defence by 2024, which until now had only been an informal guideline. [26] NATO has not condemned the 2016 purges in Turkey. [27] NATO members opposed the UN Non-Proliferation Treaty, a binding agreement on the complete elimination of nuclear weapons negotiations, supported by more than 120 nations.

[28] New membership of the Alliance originated mainly in Central and Eastern Europe, including former members of the Warsaw Pact. Alliance membership is governed by individual membership action plans and must be approved by each current member. NATO is currently a candidate for membership: Bosnia and Herzegovina. Northern Macedonia signed a NATO membership protocol in February 2019 and became a member on 27 March 2020. [87] Its accession had been blocked for years by Greece because of the dispute over the name of Macedonia, settled in 2018 by the Prespa agreement. [89] In 2003, to support each other, potential new members founded the Adriatic Charter in the region. [90] Georgia was also mentioned as an emerging member and was promised as a “future membership” at the Bucharest Summit in 2008[91] although US President Barack Obama declared in 2014 that the country “is not currently on the path to accession”. [92] On 14 September, NATO Secretary General Anders Rasmussen issued a statement praising the US-Russian agreement on Syrian chemical weapons. Rasmussen stressed that Syria`s full compliance was the key to the success of the agreement. Western European countries were prepared to consider a collective security solution.

In response to rising tensions and security concerns, representatives from several Western European countries came together to form a military alliance.

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