The IRA targeted in particular the police and soldiers of the British army patrolling the streets. The situation worsened much in 1972 when 14 people were killed by British troops during a peaceful civil rights march led by Catholics and Republicans in Londonderry. In Northern Ireland, the results of the vote on the agreement were as follows: the Good Friday Agreement provided for the establishment of the Independent International Commission on Dismantling (IICD) to monitor, review and consider the complete disarmament of all paramilitary organisations. The deadline for the completion of disarmament was May 2000. The Northern Ireland Weapons Dismantling Act 1997, which received royal support on 27 February 1997, contained a provision in section 7 to establish an independent dismantling commission. The law was promulgated before the agreement was signed in 1998. As a result, the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning was established at the signing of the agreement and headed by Canadian General John de Chastelain.1 However, disarmament did not begin in 1998. Unionists and Republicans disagreed on the interpretation of the dismantling formulation, as Republicans claimed that they had no formal connection to the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and were therefore unable to influence the IRA. The issue of dismantling delayed the formation of the executive branch of power-sharing: David Trimble of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) refused to form the government after the July 1998 elections,2 “The Good Friday Agreement – Decommissioning”, BBC News, May 2006, accessed 31 January 2013 www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/decommis. decommissioning did not begin until 1998. • Encourage the parties to agree that this commitment will be supported by a new assembly in a manner that takes into account the wishes and sensitivities of the community. In the context of political violence during the unrest, the agreement committed participants to “exclusively democratic and peaceful means of settling disputes over political issues.” The agreement provided for the establishment of an independent commission to review police regulations in Northern Ireland, “including ways to promote broad community support” for these arrangements. The UK government has also committed to a “comprehensive review” of the criminal justice system in Northern Ireland.
In the Good Friday Agreement, the British Government committed to reducing the number and role of forces stationed in Northern Ireland and to removing security facilities and emergency powers in Northern Ireland. At the time of the signing of the peace agreement in April, about 17,200 British troops were deployed, increasing by 800 during the March season in Northern Ireland in July.1 However, the number of troops was reduced to 15,000 by the end of the year.2 However, the demobilization of more British troops from Northern Ireland depended on improving the security situation in Northern Ireland. It has been reported that routine military patrols have decreased significantly and that many security and observation posts have been vacated since the signing of the agreement.3 “The Good Friday Agreement — Security,” BBC News, May 2006, accessed May 31, 2006. January 2013, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/security. In response to the IICD`s announcement, Ian Paisley, leader of the DUP (then Northern Ireland`s largest party), called the shutdown a failure. .